In October 1917, after the transfer of power to a coalition of Bolsheviks and Left SRs, the city became the backbone of Soviet power in the province. In 1918-1924 Tashkent was the capital of the Turkestan ASSR.
During the Great Patriotic War Tashkent became one of the centers of evacuation, where factories, factories, theaters, film studios moved. He sheltered a huge number of refugees among whom there were many outstanding contemporaries.
From 1930 to 1991, Tashkent was the capital of the Uzbek SSR within the USSR and the regional center of the Tashkent region.