Shakhrisabz

Shakhrisabz was founded more than 2700 years ago. The ancient inhabitants of the city – Sogdians were known for their crafts, trade and high culture. The city in ancient times was called Kesh. BC Kesh was captured and incorporated into the Achaemenid empire.

In 329 BC the city was captured by the armies of Alexander the Great. From this time, Kesch was influenced by the Hellenistic culture. Ancient Greek cults and beliefs gained some popularity here. The most famous were the cults of Hercules, Dionysus and Athena.

In the I-III centuries AD, the city was in the orbit of influence of the Kushan empire.

In IV-V centuries AD, Kesch was a part of the states of the Khionites and Kidarites.

The rulers of Kes from the 3rd century BC to the 8th century AD issued a large number of coins. Known are the names of the rulers of the ancient and early medieval Kesha – Ahurpat and Shishpir. It was a large ancient and early medieval city center, and for a long time the capital of Central Sogd.

In the VI century it became part of the state of the Ephtalites. In 567-658 the Sogdian rulers of the city submitted to the Turks.

In the VIII century conquered by the Arabs. During the Arab invasion, the valley of Kashkadarya and, especially, Kesh, were the epicenter of the anti-Arab and anti-Islamic liberation movement led by Mukannaya, known in history as the “Rise of the people in white robes”. Resistance ultimately led to the decline of the capital city. One of the last rulers of Shakhrisabz was Bobo-Beck.

During the reign of the Samanid dynasty, the city life gradually moved southwest of the old Kesha to a new territory – to the location of the large village of Barknon. During the reign of the Karakhanids, the new capital of medieval Kesha, known as Shakhrisabz, is finally being formed.

History

Shakhrisabz was founded more than 2700 years ago. The ancient inhabitants of the city – Sogdians were known for their crafts, trade and high culture. The city in ancient times was called Kesh. BC Kesh was captured and incorporated into the Achaemenid empire.

In 329 BC the city was captured by the armies of Alexander the Great. From this time, Kesch was influenced by the Hellenistic culture. Ancient Greek cults and beliefs gained some popularity here. The most famous were the cults of Hercules, Dionysus and Athena.

In the I-III centuries AD, the city was in the orbit of influence of the Kushan empire.

In IV-V centuries AD, Kesch was a part of the states of the Khionites and Kidarites.

The rulers of Kes from the 3rd century BC to the 8th century AD issued a large number of coins. Known are the names of the rulers of the ancient and early medieval Kesha – Ahurpat and Shishpir. It was a large ancient and early medieval city center, and for a long time the capital of Central Sogd.

In the VI century it became part of the state of the Ephtalites. In 567-658 the Sogdian rulers of the city submitted to the Turks.

In the VIII century conquered by the Arabs. During the Arab invasion, the valley of Kashkadarya and, especially, Kesh, were the epicenter of the anti-Arab and anti-Islamic liberation movement led by Mukannaya, known in history as the “Rise of the people in white robes”. Resistance ultimately led to the decline of the capital city. One of the last rulers of Shakhrisabz was Bobo-Beck.

During the reign of the Samanid dynasty, the city life gradually moved southwest of the old Kesha to a new territory – to the location of the large village of Barknon. During the reign of the Karakhanids, the new capital of medieval Kesha, known as Shakhrisabz, is finally being formed.

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